资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1702-1710.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.09.08

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不同农村宅基地资本化模式中农户参与意愿及其影响因素

朱新华(), 王晗   

  1. 河海大学公共管理学院,南京 211100
  • 收稿日期:2015-09-14 修回日期:2016-07-22 出版日期:2016-09-25 发布日期:2016-09-22
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱新华,男,江苏泰兴人,博士,副教授,主要从事土地经济与政策研究。E-mail:zhxh_84122@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71203054);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(2015B23514)

Farmer willingness to participate in rural housing land capitalization reform and influence factors in different models

ZHU Xinhua(), WANG Han   

  1. School of Public Administration,Hohai University,Nanjing 211100,China
  • Received:2015-09-14 Revised:2016-07-22 Online:2016-09-25 Published:2016-09-22

摘要:

基于天津、广东、成都三地问卷调查所获数据,探讨不同农村宅基地资本化模式中农户参与意愿及其影响因素。研究发现:户主年龄、宅基地距城镇距离、人均住房面积对农户参与宅基地资本化改革的意愿产生显著的负向影响;户主受教育程度、家庭参保人数、家庭主要从业类型、非农收入比例、家庭拥有宅基地数、经济发展水平、村庄特色、对政府行为的评价、对改革的预期对农户意愿产生显著的正向影响。从模式差异来看,农户在政府主导模式下的参与意愿更多地受到“经济发展水平”和“对政府行为的评价”的显著影响;在市场主导模式下的参与意愿更多地受到“家庭主要从业类型”和“家庭拥有宅基地数”的显著影响;在自主治理模式下的参与意愿更多地受到“村庄特色”和“对资本化改革的预期”的显著影响。因此,地方政府应根据本地区资源禀赋及经济发展水平,在尊重农民意愿的基础上,选择适合的农村宅基地资本化模式,同时构建合理的收益分配规则和农民自主治理机制,从而提高农村宅基地资本化改革绩效。

关键词: 农村宅基地, 资本化, 影响因素, 模式, Logistic回归

Abstract:

Based on data from questionnaire surveys conducted in Tianjin,Guangdong and Chengdu,we explore farmer willingness to participate in rural housing land capitalization reform and influential factors in different capitalization models. The results show that factors including householder age,distance from the homestead to town and,per-capita housing involved in the rural residential land capitalization reform have a significant negative impact on farmer willingness to participate in rural housing land capitalization reform. At the same time,factors including householder educational level,family size to participate in social security,family main employment type,the off-farm income ratio of the family,number of homesteads owned by the family,economic development level,village characteristics,evaluation of government action,and expectations of capitalization reform have a significant positive impact on farmer willingness to participate in rural housing land capitalization reform. From differences between the three models,under the government-led model,farmer willingness is more affected by economic development level and evaluation of government actions;in the market-led model farmer willingness is more affected by family main employment type and number of homesteads owned by the family;and in the autonomous governance model farmer willingness is more affected by village characteristics and expectations of capitalization reform. According to regional resources and economic development levels,on the basis of respecting farmer willingness,government should select the appropriate rural housing land capitalization reform model,formulate reasonable income distribution rules and build farmer autonomous governance mechanisms. With these measures China can improve the performance of rural housing land capitalization reform and realize sustainable land-use.

Key words: rural housing land, capitalization, influence factors, model, Logistic regression