资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1643-.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.09.02

• • 上一篇    下一篇

国外旅游发展社区响应的理论模型述评

韩国圣1(), 李辉2()   

  1. 1. 山东大学(威海)商学院,威海 264209
    2. 哈尔滨工业大学(威海)管理学院,威海 264209
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-14 修回日期:2016-09-01 出版日期:2016-09-25 发布日期:2016-09-22
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:韩国圣,男,山东嘉祥人,博士,副教授,从事旅游地理与旅游规划研究。E-mail:hanguosheng@sdu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金重点项目(2014AGL)

Community reactions to tourism development:a review of theoretical models

HAN Guosheng1(), LI Hui2()   

  1. 1. School of Business,Shandong University(Weihai),Weihai 264209,China
    2. School of Management,Harbin Institute of Technology(Weihai),Weihai 264209,China
  • Received:2016-06-14 Revised:2016-09-01 Online:2016-09-25 Published:2016-09-22

摘要:

中国旅游发展的社区响应领域积累了大量的经验研究,但是这些研究却很少关注旅游发展社区响应的理论分析模型,以至于难以确定已有研究的理论贡献。本文综述了国外文献中有关旅游发展社区响应的9种理论模型,并且比较了这些理论模型的理论内涵、使用情形以及相关的应用研究,对于理解中国国内旅游发展社区响应的经验研究提供了理论分析工具,有助于推进中国旅游学者把他们的研究定位于不同的理论模型脉络下增进该领域的理论贡献。未来研究应关注不同旅游发展阶段、社区利益群体对旅游发展响应的差异及内在原因;关注主-客、客-客、主-主互动对旅游发展响应的差异;吸收情感、权力、政治互信等变量对旅游发展社区响应的影响;关注不同社区群体社会表征对旅游发展的响应机制。

关键词: 社区旅游, 旅游发展, 社区响应, 理论模型

Abstract:

Many empirical studies have focused on community reactions to tourism development but few on theoretical models underlying community reactions to tourism development,which makes it difficult to position the theoretical contribution of such researches. Here,we review nine popular theoretical models(Doxey’s Irritation Index,Bulter’s dynamic reaction matrix and tourist destination evolution,Dogan’s community reaction model,Ap and Crompton’s acceptance-retreat spectrum,Ap’s social exchange,community attachment and growth machine)and relevant empirical researches. This review provides empirical research with reference models and theoretical tools. Future research could be extended with special emphasis on differentiation and inner reasons of community reactions to tourism development in terms of different development phases of tourist destination evolution and different subgroups in the tourism community. Future research should complement more new variables such as affections,power and political trust to further improve the explanation power to community reactions to tourism development. According to the theory of social representation,further research should pay attention to the working of different subgroups’ social representations and their interpretation on community reactions to tourism development.

Key words: community tourism, tourism development, community reaction, theoretical models