资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1609-1620.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.08.18

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林地产权对农户林业经营性收入的影响——以江西省两个县(市)为例

吉登艳1,2(), 石晓平1, 仇童伟1, 马贤磊1()   

  1. 1. 南京农业大学中国土地问题研究中心,南京 210095
    2. 赣南师范大学,赣州 341000
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-09 修回日期:2016-05-22 出版日期:2016-08-25 发布日期:2016-08-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吉登艳,女,江西赣州人,博士,讲师,研究方向为土地经济与政策。E-mail:jidengyan288@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71373127);江苏省普通高校研究生科研创新计划项目(CXLX12_0307)

Impact of forestland property rights on households’ income from forestry based on analysis of two cities in Jiangxi

JI Dengyan1,2(), SHI Xiaoping1, QIU Tongwei1, MA Xianlei1()   

  1. 1. China Center for Land Policy Research,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China
    2. Gannan Normal University,Ganzhou 341000,China
  • Received:2015-10-09 Revised:2016-05-22 Online:2016-08-25 Published:2016-08-25

摘要:

新一轮集体林权制度改革建立的林地产权制度能否激励农户经营林地并获取可持续的经营性收入是衡量改革成功与否的重要方面。本文利用2015年江西省遂川县与丰城市的598户农户调研数据实证分析了新一轮林改后林地产权对农户的林业经营性收入的影响。研究表明,由于产权完整性和安全性对农户林地投资行为或林地流转行为可能存在方向相反的影响,导致林地产权对林业经营效率及经营收入的综合影响方向并不确定。经验结果表明,在新一轮林改背景下,农户感知的征地风险越弱,其林业的经营性收入越高;权属完整性方面,提高抵押权完整性认知有助于提高农户的林业经营性收入,由于相关配套体系的不完善,农户的抛荒权和使用权完整性认知的提高不利于林业经营性收入的增加。为此,应严格禁止不合法的林地征收行为和不合理的林地权利限制,同时加强法律知识的宣传教育,提高农户的产权认知水平;完善农村信贷市场和社会保障体系等相关配套体系,提高农户林地产权的行使能力,促使林地产权改革经济绩效的显现。

关键词: 林地产权, 林业经营性收入, 农户产权认知, 产权完整性, 产权安全性, 江西省

Abstract:

Whether the new forestland property rights established during the new round of collective forest tenure reform could motivate farmers to management their collective forestland and obtain sustainable forestry income is an important catalyst for evaluation of the new round of collective forest tenure reform. Base on the 598 households survey data collected in Suichuan and Fengcheng Counties of Jiangxi Province in 2015, this paper examines the impact of households’ recognition of forestland property rights(including forestland property rights security and forestland property rights integrity) on households’ forestry income after the new round of collective forest tenure reform. The results indicate that the impacts of the forestland property rights on forestry management efficiency and forestry income is uncertain as forestland property rights integrity and security may have opposite effects on forestland investment or forestland transfer, which may affect household’ forestry productivity. The empirical results indicate that the reduction of households' expected forestland expropriation risk is conducive to improving households’ forestry income;in terms of forestland property rights integrity recognition, households’ recognition of the integrity of mortgage right have positive impact on households’ income from forestry, while due to the imperfections of supporting systems, households’ recognition of the integrity of abandon rights and use rights negatively affect households’ forestry income. Therefore,the government should strictly prohibit illegal forestland expropriation and reduce the restrictions from local government and village collective on farmers’ forestland property rights,and further strengthen publicity and education of legal knowledge about forestland property rights to improve farmers’ recognition of forestland property rights, as well as improve the rural credit market and social security systems to increase the executive ability of forestland property rights and promote the growth of farmers’ income from forestry.

Key words: forestland property rights, forestry income, households’ perceived property rights, property rights integrity, property rights security, Jiangxi Province