资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1363-1372.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.07.16

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资本投入对中国森林公园旅游效率的影响研究

丁振民, 黄秀娟()   

  1. 福建农林大学管理学院(旅游学院),福州 350002
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-05 修回日期:2016-05-25 出版日期:2016-07-25 发布日期:2016-07-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:丁振民,男,安徽淮北人,硕士生,研究方向为技术经济及管理。E-mail:huanglishanren@sina.com

  • 基金资助:
    福建省自然科学基金项目(2015J01280)

Capital input effects on the tourism efficiency of forest parks in China

DING Zhenmin, HUANG Xiujuan()   

  1. College of Management,Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University,Fuzhou 350002,China
  • Received:2015-11-05 Revised:2016-05-25 Online:2016-07-25 Published:2016-07-25

摘要:

合理的资本投入对于优化森林资源配置、提升森林公园旅游效率具有明显的基础作用。借助DEA方法对2008-2014年中国大陆31个省份的森林公园旅游效率进行测算,并且采用Tobit模型深入探讨资本投入对森林公园旅游效率的影响,包含资本结构与资本规模两个方面。研究发现:资本结构(国有资本投入比例)对中国森林公园旅游效率具有非线性倒U型的显著影响。另外,当年资本投入规模存在冗余,资本转化存在时间滞后效应,并且资本的产出弹性相对较小是造成当年森林公园旅游效率下降的主要原因。区域发展水平、交通条件以及森林公园密度都对森林公园旅游效率产生较为显著的积极影响;西南林区相对于其他林区来说,森林公园资源的旅游利用效率优势较为明显。为此,必须通过优化资本结构、确定合理的资本规模来逐步提升森林资源的旅游利用效率。

关键词: 资本结构, 资本规模, 森林公园, 旅游效率, DEA, Tobit模型

Abstract:

Reasonable capital input is key to optimizing the allocation of forest resources and promote tourism efficiency of forest parks. In order to study capital input effects on the tourism efficiency of forest parks in China,a two-stage analysis model of efficiency calculation and influencing factors of tourism efficiency based on efficiency calculation methods was established for forest parks in 31 provinces using data from 2008 to 2014. The study found a nonlinear and inverted U-shaped relationship between capital structure (proportion of state-owned capital investment) and tourism efficiency of forest parks,which means that the state-owned capital investment proportion in a reasonable range will have positive effects on the tourism efficiency of forest parks,while capital of other forms has a positive effect after the proportion exceeding the threshold. Total capital investment is redundant and the output elasticity of capital is relatively small compared to the elasticity of staff and the whole tourism industry,indicating that it is short of efficiency in use of the funds for construction and operation. The capital performs a time-lag effect whiling transforming the process of developing forest tourism. These factors are the main reasons for the decline in tourism efficiency of forest parks in China. Regional development level,traffic conditions and density of forest parks have a significant positive impact on the tourism efficiency of forest parks. The tourism efficiency of forest parks is best in southwest China. It is necessary to optimize capital structures and determine a reasonable scale of investment capital to gradually improve the tourism efficiency of forest resources in China.

Key words: capital structure, capital scale, forest park, tourism efficiency, DEA, Tobit model