资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1287-1296.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.07.10

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民族旅游社区空间的竞争性——基于地方意义的视角

高艳(), 赵振斌()   

  1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-29 修回日期:2016-05-19 出版日期:2016-07-25 发布日期:2016-07-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:高艳,女,山西忻州人,硕士生,主要研究方向为旅游市场与开发。E-mail:284959297@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171126、41571174)

Space competition in the national tourism community and place meaning

GAO Yan(), ZHAO Zhenbin()   

  1. Department of Tourism & Environment,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi’an 710119,China
  • Received:2015-06-29 Revised:2016-05-19 Online:2016-07-25 Published:2016-07-25

摘要:

文章以郎木寺为调研区域,采用相片引导的半结构化访谈方式获取调查数据。借助质性分析软件NVivo10.0对访谈内容进行分析,依据特征将地方划分为11种类目,并构建8大类及39小类地方意义类目。研究结果显示:自然景点、佛教寺院、丧葬地点、清真寺、食宿地点和村子家乡是受访者认为最重要的地方;“地方特色”、“精神性”、“群体联系”及“情感与体验”构成了受访者地方意义的主体;不同人群对郎木寺地方意义的表征各有侧重,显示出了明显的差异性:当地居民(藏族与回族)依靠宗教和社区生活形成地方感,而外来者(游客与经营者)则主要依靠原生态文化和生计形成地方感;以游客为代表的外来者和以藏族居民为代表的当地居民对地方意义的表征存在竞争关系,这种地方意义的竞争反映了不同人群关于地方权力的博弈,成为郎木寺地方身份变化的动力,也为认识当地旅游开发过程中的复杂社会现象提供了途径。

关键词: 地方, 地方意义, 差异, 地方政治, 郎木寺

Abstract:

Taking Langmusi in central China as a focal area,we conducted semi-structured interviews guided by photos with 396 people (Tibetan=102,Hui=96,tourists=99,and foreign operators=99. With the help of qualitative analysis software NVivo10.0,we analyzed interview content and divided the place into 11 categories (natural sights,Buddhist temples,burial place,Masjid,accommodation locations,village,street and road,legend site,work place,home and school)and established eight main classes (local characteristics,spirituality,group relation,emotion and experience,history and culture,environment adaption,tourism contact and negative perception)and 39 sub-classes on place meaning. We found that natural sights,Buddhist temples,burial place,Masjid and villages are the most important places. Local characteristics,spirituality, group relation and emotion and experience constitute the body of interviewees’ place meaning. Using the correspondence analysis method,we found different emphases on the representation of place meaning for Langmusi. Local residents(Tibetan and Hui)form their sense of place based on religion and community life while outsiders (tourists and operators)form their sense of place mainly on original culture and livelihood. Local residents focus more on Buddhist temples and spirituality,outsiders focus more on burial place and local characteristics,representing competitive relations for place meaning between outsiders (e.g. tourists) and locals (e.g. Tibetans). The competition over local significance reflects the gambling on local power among people,is the impetus for changing Langmusi’s local identity,and offers a way for us to learn about complex social phenomenon during tourism development. The construction of place meaning provides effective help in understanding local conflict,and provides effective approaches to solve contradictions within the national tourism community.

Key words: place, place meaning, difference, place politics, Langmusi