资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 1088-1098.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.06.08

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基于ISM模型的中国大洋性渔业发展影响因素分析

陈琦(), 韩立民()   

  1. 中国海洋大学管理学院,青岛 266100
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-25 修回日期:2016-04-10 出版日期:2016-06-20 发布日期:2016-06-18
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈琦,男,山东泰安人,博士生,主要研究方向为海洋经济与涉海企业管理。E-mail:chenqikgb@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(14ZDA040);山东农业重大应用技术创新项目:“山东省远洋渔业发展战略研究”

Analysis of factors influencing high seas fisheries development in China based on Interpretative Structural Modeling

CHEN Qi(), HAN Limin()   

  1. School of Management,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266100,China
  • Received:2015-04-25 Revised:2016-04-10 Online:2016-06-20 Published:2016-06-18

摘要:

中国大洋性渔业发展的影响因素复杂多样。本文在查阅文献和组织专家讨论的基础上,从资源环境、市场、技术、政策和外部保障5个层面,详细识别出影响中国大洋性渔业发展的17个具体因素。在此基础上,建立ISM模型分析影响中国大洋性渔业发展的因素及其层次关系。结果表明:17个影响因素之间相互关联,构成一个4层级的影响因素递阶结构,其中渔获物市场分布及需求、渔获物市场价格和渔获物市场流通体系完善水平是表层直接影响因素;渔船及配套设施技术水平、捕捞人员专业技术能力、渔获物加工及产品开发能力、渔场作业环境、新鱼种开发潜力等构成中层间接影响因素;公海渔业资源量、大洋性渔业资源调查与评估能力、国际公海渔业资源管理制度、国家及地方远洋渔业扶持政策和公海渔业资源管理国家参与水平是深层根源影响因素。

关键词: 大洋性渔业, 影响因素, ISM模型, 中国

Abstract:

The recognition of factors affecting high seas fisheries development in China has very important meaning to the exploration of development pathways. The influences on high seas fisheries development in China are diverse and complex. On the basis of a great deal of relevant materials and expert-level discussion,17 factors affecting the development of Chinese high seas fisheries are detailed here and include aspects of the resource,market,technology,policy and external security. By building interpretative structural modeling (ISM),the factors above were analyzed and the structure and inherent links among factors were determined using a hierarchical structure diagram. The results showed that these 17 factors were correlative and they established interpretative structural modeling along four layers. In the hierarchical structure,the surface direct influencing factors were the market distribution and the demand of catches,the market prices of catches and the improvement level of fish market circulation system. The middle indirect influencing factors were the technical level of fishing vessels and supporting facilities,the professional technical standard and abilities of fishermen,capability of product processing and development,working environment of fishing grounds,and exploring potential of new fish species. The root and basic influencing factors were high seas fishery resources,capacity of ocean fisheries resources investigation and evaluation,international system of high seas fishery resources management,national and local support policies of pelagic fisheries and the degree and level of high seas fisheries management countries’ participation.

Key words: high seas fisheries, influencing factors, Interpretative Structural Modeling(ISM), China