资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 888-899.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.05.08

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基于农业环保型技术的农户生计资产评估及差异性分析——以湖北武汉、随州农业废弃物循环利用技术为例

陈祺琪1,2,3(), 张俊飚2,3(), 蒋磊2,3, 程琳琳2,3   

  1. 1. 中原工学院经济管理学院,郑州 450007
    2. 华中农业大学经济管理学院,武汉 430070
    3. 湖北农村发展研究中心, 武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-10 修回日期:2015-11-05 出版日期:2016-05-25 发布日期:2016-05-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈祺琪,女,河南沈丘人,博士生,研究方向为农业经济理论与政策、农业科技政策。E-mail:chenqi880507@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(71333006);国家自然科学基金项目(71463011);华中农业大学创新团队培育项目(2013PY042)

Assessment and variance analysis on the farmers’ livelihood assets based on the agricultural environmental protection technology:Illustrated by the agricultural waste recycling technology in Wuhan and Suizhou of Hubei Province

CHEN Qiqi1,2,3(), ZHANG Junbiao2,3(), JIANG Lei2,3, CHENG Linlin2,3   

  1. 1. The Economics & Management School,Zhongyuan University of Technology,Zhengzhou 450007,China
    2. College of Economics & Management,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070,China
    3. Hubei Rural Development Research Center,Wuhan 430070,China
  • Received:2015-04-10 Revised:2015-11-05 Online:2016-05-25 Published:2016-05-23

摘要:

当前农业生产面临新挑战与新机遇,农户人力、自然、物质、金融、社会与心理资产也随之变化。鉴于此,本文以改进的DFID可持续生计分析框架为理论依据,选取23个农户生计资产指标,采用主观实地调研修正权重与客观熵值法确权相结合的方法,对湖北省农户的六维生计资产进行了量化评估及差异性分析。研究发现:①农户生计总资产差异性显著,极差高达5.06倍;农户分维资产分布不均,且差异明显;②纯农户、一兼农户、二兼农户与非农户生计总资产分布不均,且极差较大,但兼业农户的生计总资产高于纯农户;③不同类型农户的分维生计资产优劣不同,人力、社会与心理资产方面,一兼农户与非农户占优;物质资产方面,纯农户与二兼农户具有明显优势;金融资产方面,非农户与二兼农户占优;自然资产方面,一兼农户与纯农户具有明显优势;④不同类型农户的分维心理资产存在明显差异,一兼农户与纯农户的自信指数较高,非农户与一兼农户幸福感指数略高,纯农户与一兼农户能较为直观且客观的对环境感知给出评价,且评价值相近,纯农户与非农户的韧性指数较高,兼业化农户与非农户容易受到风险因素的影响。

关键词: 农业环保型技术, 废弃物循环利用技术, 生计资产评估, 农户兼业化, 熵值法, 湖北省

Abstract:

Across China,agricultural production faces new challenges and opportunities. The people,nature,materials,financial,social and psychological assets of farming communities are changing. Here,we took the modified sustainable livelihood framework of DFID (The Department for International Development)as our basis,selected 23 indicators of household livelihood assets to assess six kinds of livelihood assets using a combination of subjective and objective methods and analyzed differences for farming communities in Hubei,China. We found that there was a significant difference in total livelihood assets and the range was up to 5.06 times. The six kinds of livelihoods assets showed an uneven distribution with distinct differences. Although there was an unbalanced distribution and prominent differences between full time farmers (farmers whose agricultural incomes to total income is over 95%),I farmers (farmers whose proportion of agricultural income is more than 50%),II farmers (farmers whose non-farm income surpasses 50%)and non-farmers (non-farm incomes of farmers over 95%),the degree of part-time farming was positively correlated with total assets. Livelihood assets of different kinds of farmers showed various advantages and disadvantages. For example,for human,social and psychological assets,I farmers and non-farmers had a significant advantage; for material assets,full time farmers and II farmers showed a distinct preponderance;for financial assets,non-farmers and II farmers had an obvious superiority;and for nature assets,I farmers and full time farmers had an significant superiority. There were differences in the five indexes of psychological asset:I farmers and full time farmers had a high confidence index;non-farmers and I farmers had slightly more happiness; full time farmers and I farmers could provide a more intuitive and objective evaluation and they had a similar evaluation value;full time farmers and non-farmers had a high toughness index;and I farmers,II farmers and non-farmers were easily influenced by risk factors.

Key words: agricultural environmental protection technology, waste recycling technology, livelihood assets evaluation, part-time farming, entropy value methods, Hubei Province