资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 799-813.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.05.01

• •    下一篇

多重演化动力机制下的空心村整治经济保障体系探究

张甜(), 王仰麟(), 刘焱序, 赵明月   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-16 修回日期:2016-03-05 出版日期:2016-05-25 发布日期:2016-05-23
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张甜,女,陕西汉中人,硕士生,研究方向为综合自然地理与景观生态。E-mail:zhangtiangis@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划(2014BAL01B01E)

Establishing an economic insurance system under a multiple dynamic evolution mechanism after rural hollowing renovation

ZHANG Tian(), WANG Yanglin(), LIU Yanxu, ZHAO Mingyue   

  1. Laboratory for Earth Surface Process,Ministry of Education,College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China
  • Received:2015-10-16 Revised:2016-03-05 Online:2016-05-25 Published:2016-05-23

摘要:

空心村是工业化与城市化发展的阶段性产物,其不仅是对农村土地资源的浪费与低效利用,更映射出农村社会组织结构的失调。城乡二元结构所引起的农村经济格局失衡是导致农村人口流失、形成空心村的直接驱动因素,因而合理的经济保障体系构建成为空心村整治的核心环节。本文基于离心力与向心力的不均衡关系,提出了空心村演化的非等量动力机制,其中经济动力对于农村空心化的作用显著并同时存在着层级间的传递。通过选取滇西南的大理市和山东半岛的禹城市、青州市作为典型村落案例区,重点梳理了不同类型农区空心村整治过程中的资金分配、资源配置以及补贴政策的差异性问题。为实现空心村整治后农民的安居、就业、收入的长远保障,有必要进一步强调“保障补偿主体、发展优势产业、完善配套设施、拓宽融资渠道”等空心村整治保障对策,并重视保障对策间的统筹协调,从而协同推进中国乡村空间重构和转型发展。

关键词: 空心村整治, 经济保障体系, 动力机制, 多层级诱因, 乡村空间重构

Abstract:

Hollowing villages have been caused by industrialization and urbanization in China and this represents a waste of rural land resources and reflects imbalance in rural social organizational structure. At the same time,imbalance in rural economic structure led to the dual texture between urban and rural areas,regarded as a direct driver of a series of problems in Chinese rural areas,such as the loss of rural populations and hollowing villages. This is the main obstacle for further development of new rural reconstruction and provided a better living environment for local residents. The establishment of a reasonable economic insurance system should be a core segment of hollow village renovation in China. Here we propose that evolution driven power of the hollowing village is unequal,and economic power always has a significant influence on rural hollowing at multiple levels. We chose three villages as the typical study areas (Dali City in southwest Yunnan and Yucheng City and Qingzhou City located on the Shandong peninsula) in order to analyze different types of hollowing village renovation. We focused on differences in fund allocation,resource distribution and the subsidy policy for villagers. Based on these analyses we realized that in order to provide a better condition of dwelling,employment and income for residents in hollowing villages after renovation,local government should guarantee compensation for rural residents,broaden financing channels,strengthen the development of competitive industries,and improve supporting facilities. To promote the reconstruction of China's rural space and increase the transitional development of China’s hollowing villages,a rational planning and coordination method of hollowing village renovation should be developed.

Key words: hollowing village renovation, economic insurance system, dynamic mechanism, multi-level incentive, rural spatial reconstruction