资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 728-737.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.04.14

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同经济发展水平地区农民宅基地退出意愿的影响因素——以江苏省7个市为例

夏敏(), 林庶民, 郭贯成()   

  1. 南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-16 修回日期:2015-09-28 出版日期:2016-04-25 发布日期:2016-04-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:夏敏,女,安徽合肥人,硕士生,研究方向为资源经济与政策。E-mail:2014109002@njau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71003052);中央高校基本科研业务费人文社科基金创新项目(SKCX2015008)

Influential factors of farmers' willingness in rural residential land quittance in different economic developed areas in Jiangsu Province

XIA Min(), LIN Shumin, GUO Guancheng()   

  1. College of Public Management,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China
  • Received:2015-07-16 Revised:2015-09-28 Online:2016-04-25 Published:2016-04-25

摘要:

通过对江苏省7个市125个村庄农民抽样调查得到的样本数据,运用Logit回归模型对不同经济发展水平地区农民宅基地退出意愿的影响因素进行实证分析。研究结果显示:①农民的年龄、受教育水平、职业种类、是否有财产性收入、宅基地面积、是否有城镇住所、宅基地(房屋)使用情况、宅基地(房屋)居住时间、宅基地(房屋)重置成本、农业补贴金额、新农保险金额和区位交通环境对农民宅基地退出意愿有显著影响;②影响因素的作用强度排序为:宅基地(房屋)使用情况>农业补贴金额>是否有财产性收入>职业种类>新农保险金额>受教育水平>年龄>是否有城镇住所>区位交通环境>宅基地(房屋)居住时间>宅基地(房屋)重置成本>宅基地面积;③在经济发展水平相对较高地区,农民的年龄、受教育水平、是否有财产性收入、家庭人口数、宅基地(房屋)使用情况、宅基地(房屋)居住时间、宅基地(房屋)重置成本、是否有产权证书和区位生态环境是影响其宅基地退出意愿的主要因素;在经济发展水平相对落后地区,影响农民宅基地退出意愿的主要因素依次是农民的职业种类、宅基地面积、宅基地(房屋)居住时间、占用耕地建房和农业补贴金额。这一结论为政府制定和完善宅基地退出政策,提高宅基地的利用效率提供参考。

关键词: 宅基地, 退出, 意愿, 影响因素, Logit回归模型, 不同经济发展水平地区, 江苏省

Abstract:

The intention and affecting factors of rural residential land quittance in different regions were analyzed using a Logit model based on survey data in 125 villages,seven cities in Jiangsu province. We found that age,whether to have property income,whether to have an urban residence,the condition of rural residential land,replacement cost of rural residential,agricultural subsidy,new rural endowment insurance amount and regional traffic environment have negative effects on quitting residential land. Education level,occupation,rural residential land area and residence time of residential land have positive effects on quitting residential land. In accordance with impact strength,the sort is:the use condition of rural residential land > agricultural subsidy > whether to have property income > occupation > new rural endowment insurance amount > education level > age > whether to have an urban residence > regional traffic environment > the residence time of residential land > replacement cost of rural residential > rural residential land area. In developed areas,education level,family members,residence time of residential land and certificate of title have positive significant effects on quitting the residential land. Age,whether to have property income,the condition of rural residential land,replacement cost of rural residential and regional ecological environment have negative effects on quitting residential land;in economically underdeveloped areas,occupation,rural residential land area,residence time of residential land and farmland occupation have positive significant effects on quitting residential land. Agricultural subsidies have a negative effect on quitting residential land. This conclusion provides reference for the government to formulate and perfect rural residential land quittance policy and improve the utilization efficiency of rural residential land.

Key words: rural residential land, quittance, willingness, affecting factors, Logit regression model, different economic developed areas, Jiangsu Province