资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 622-630.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.04.05

• 能源与碳排放 • 上一篇    下一篇

西部少数民族地区农村生活能源消费特征——基于四川凉山州住户调查数据的分析

翟紫含1(), 付军2()   

  1. 1. 北京大学环境科学与工程学院,北京 100871
    2. 环境保护部环境发展中心,北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2015-08-10 修回日期:2016-02-15 出版日期:2016-04-25 发布日期:2016-04-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:翟紫含,女,吉林松原人,博士生,研究方向为区域污染与全球变化。E-mail:zihanzhai@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    环保公益科研项目(201509078)

Rural energy consumption characteristics in western minority regions in China based on surveys of residents in Sichuan Liangshan

ZHAI Zihan1(), FU Jun2()   

  1. 1. College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China
    2. Environmental Development Center of Ministry of Environmental Protection,Beijing 100029,China
  • Received:2015-08-10 Revised:2016-02-15 Online:2016-04-25 Published:2016-04-25

摘要:

中国近年来经济的高速发展促使能源发展进程加快。山区少数民族由于地理位置、社会观念、生产方式等的特殊性,多数居民生活水平仍处于贫困状态。本文以四川凉山彝族自治州为研究对象,针对其具有空间差异性分布特征的能源消费“三级”地理分区,通过问卷调查的形式获得四个不同经济发展水平地区的家庭能源消费情况,利用二元选择模型和删失模型识别影响地区能源消费的主要因素,分析能源转型的趋势及内在动力。结果表明:家庭规模、文化程度、收入水平和民族习惯对居民生活能源消费有显著影响;居民生活能源消费结构差异反映了城乡居民生活水平的差异,从能源消费的变动趋势可以看出人们的消费行为逐渐由生存型消费转为发展型消费。据此总结凉山州能源发展经验,研究结果可为中国其他欠发达少数民族地区的能源发展路径选择提供参考,有助于全面推动农村新能源的可持续发展。

关键词: 西部山区, 能源消费, 影响因素, 少数民族, 四川凉山州

Abstract:

China's rapid economic development has accelerated the energy development process. Given the particularity of their location,demographic composition and other conditions,national minority mountainous areas have not been able to rid the shackles of old systems and modes,and this has led to poverty for the majority of residents. Here,four different regions in the Sichuan Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture were studied. Information about household energy consumption was obtained by questionnaire. Important factors that affect energy consumption were identified using a Binary Choice Model and Tobit Model. Trends in energy transformation and intrinsic motivation were analyzed. The results showed that models can better identify potential influential factors under the condition of many explanatory variables and limited dependent variables. Family size,education level,income level and national habits had significant impacts on living energy consumption. The higher the income,the more obvious propensity to consume secondary energy. The higher the education level,the more people accept clean energy. The consumption structure reflected the difference between urban and rural resident living levels. Household energy consumption can be affected by internal and external factors,they are traffic inconvenience resulting from topographical features and per capita income and level of education. The changing trend indicated a transformation of consumption behavior from survival consumption to development consumption. Biogas,solar and other clean energy are more and more popular. The energy development experience of Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture was summarized to guide the development of China's underdeveloped minority areas,promoting the sustainable development of new energy.

Key words: western mountainous areas, energy consumption, influential factors, national minority, Sichuan Liangshan