资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 523-533.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.03.15

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中日贸易隐含碳失衡研究

马晶梅(), 王新影, 贾红宇   

  1. 哈尔滨理工大学经济学院,哈尔滨 150080
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-10 修回日期:2015-12-25 出版日期:2016-03-25 发布日期:2016-03-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:马晶梅,女,黑龙江哈尔滨人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为国际贸易与经济增长,国际贸易与低碳经济.E-mail:maggiesisu@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71303071)

Imbalance in the carbon emissions embodied in Sino-Japan trade

MA Jingmei(), WANG Xinying, JIA Hongyu   

  1. School of Economics,Harbin University of Science and Technology,Harbin 150080,China
  • Received:2015-10-10 Revised:2015-12-25 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-03-21

摘要:

全球气候变化背景下,由贸易隐含碳失衡导致的"碳泄漏"问题引发了世界各国的普遍关注.本文利用非竞争型投入产出表,构建贸易隐含碳失衡模型,对2000-2011年中日贸易隐含碳失衡规模进行测算.结果显示:①中国各行业完全碳排放系数均高于日本,并且绝大多数行业差距巨大;②总体上,虽然中国处于对日贸易的逆差方,但是在贸易隐含碳方面却一直处于顺差地位,即中国同时处于对日贸易及贸易隐含碳的"双失衡"局面;③从行业来看,中国各行业对日贸易隐含碳均处于失衡状态.其中,纺织业,电气机械/光学设备制造业贸易隐含碳失衡规模最大.在此基础上,采用SDA法建立因素分解模型,对中日贸易隐含碳失衡变化的影响因素进行分析.结果表明,出口规模,中国中间投入结构效应是推动中日贸易隐含碳失衡规模进一步扩大的主要因素,而中国碳排放强度和进口规模效应则主要起到抑制作用.因此,中国应加大推广低碳生产技术力度,降低生产的碳排放强度;同时优化生产以及贸易结构,以缓解中日贸易隐含碳失衡,促进对外贸易及环境保护的协调发展.

关键词: 贸易隐含碳, 失衡, 碳排放强度, MRIO模型, SDA法, 中国, 日本

Abstract:

The issue of "carbon leakage" caused by imbalance of carbon emissions embodied in trade draws widespread attention of the world under the background of climate change.
This paper establishes a model of imbalance of carbon emissions embodied in bilateral trade and calculates the imbalance of carbon emissions embodied in Sino-Japan trade using a non-competitive input-output table for 2001 to 2011. We found that the complete carbon emission coefficient of each sector in China is higher than that of Japan,with rather big differences between the two countries. China has maintained a surplus of carbon emissions via Sino-Japan trade,though it acts as a deficit trader in general. As a consequence,China has been in a situation of 'double imbalance' in both trade value and carbon emissions embodied in trade at the same time;(3)China performs as a surplus country of carbon emissions embodied in Sino-Japan trade in each sector,and textile,electrical and optical equipments have the largest imbalance scale of carbon emissions embodied in bilateral trade among all sectors. SDA was used to decompose the effects that influence the change in imbalance in carbon emission embodied in Sino-Japan trade. China's export scale and intermediate input structure significantly drive the increase in the imbalance in carbon emissions embodied in bilateral trade,while China's carbon intensity and import scale plays the opposite role,i.e. eliminating the rise in carbon emissions embodied in Sino-Japan trade. Therefore,greater efforts are needed to improve low-carbon technology and decrease carbon emission intensity in the manufacturing procedure,and the production and trade structure should be optimized to effectively alleviate the imbalance in carbon emissions embodied in China's foreign trade to promote the coordination of foreign trade and environmental protection.

Key words: carbon emissions embodied in trade, imbalance, carbon emission intensity, MRIO model, SDA, China, Japan