资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 439-449.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.03.07

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中国城镇居民完全能源消费的空间计量分析

申俊1,2(), 孙涵1,2(), 成金华1,2   

  1. 1.中国地质大学(武汉)经济管理学院,武汉 430074
    2.中国地质大学(武汉)资源环境经济研究中心,武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-10 修回日期:2016-01-05 出版日期:2016-03-25 发布日期:2016-03-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:申俊,男,山西高平人,博士生,研究方向为资源能源环境经济.E-mail:shenjun130@hotmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71103164)

Spatial econometric analysis of the total energy consumption of urban residents in China

SHEN Jun1,2(), SUN Han1,2(), CHENG Jinhua1,2   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China
    2. Research Center of Resource and Environmental Economics,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China
  • Received:2015-06-10 Revised:2016-01-05 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-03-21

摘要:

中国正面临能源消费总量控制和碳减排的双重压力,合理引导和控制城镇居民能源消费至关重要.文章从地理特征和社会经济特征两个方面分别构建空间权重矩阵,建立空间计量模型来分析2008-2012年中国30个省域城镇居民完全能源消费的空间效应及其影响因素.研究表明:基于社会经济特征的经济距离权重空间计量模型能够较好地解释中国城镇居民完全能源消费的空间效应及其区域差异;中国城镇居民完全能源消费具有显著的正向空间相关性,且东部沿海地区形成了城镇居民完全能源消费的高-高集聚区;生活能源价格和城镇人口规模是城镇居民完全能源消费的重要影响因素,而又以生活能源价格的影响最大.因此,政府在进行政策制定时,需要针对不同区域采取差别化的能源政策,同时优化能源价格机制,积极引导居民绿色能源消费.

关键词: 城镇居民完全能源消费, 空间计量, 经济距离权重, 生活能源价格

Abstract:

China is facing the dual pressures of the control of total energy consumption and carbon abatement, guiding and controlling the energy consumption of urban residents becomes very important. Residential energy consumption is China's second largest category of energy consumption. It is important to research residential energy consumption for reducing Chinese resident's energy carbon emissions, completing reduction targets and combatting global warming. Using spatial econometric analysis techniques we established a spatial econometric model with a two spatial weights matrix from geographical and socio-economic characteristics to examine the spatial effect and region difference of provincial urban residential total energy consumption in China from 2008 to 2012. We found that: the economic distance weighted spatial econometric model based on socio-economic characteristics can explain the spatial effect and region difference of Chinese urban residential total energy consumption;a positive spatial correlation in urban residential total energy consumption was significant, and eastern region exhibits a high-high assemble of urban residential total energy consumption; residential energy price and urban population size were important factors of urban residential total energy consumption, while residential energy price was more important. Therefore, the government needs to adopt differentiated energy policies for different regions during policy formulation, while optimizing energy pricing mechanism, implementing stepped residential energy prices, changing residential energy consumption attitudes, increasing awareness of energy conservation and guiding green residential energy consumption.

Key words: total energy consumption of urban residents, spatial econometric, economic distance spatial weights, energy price of urban residents