资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 428-438.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.03.06

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农户应用能源技术扶持政策需求优先序分析

王火根(), 饶盼   

  1. 江西农业大学经济管理学院,南昌 330045
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-23 修回日期:2015-10-05 出版日期:2016-03-25 发布日期:2016-03-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王火根,男,江西黎川人,博士后,副教授,研究方向为农业经济,能源经济.E-mail:whuogeng@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71263024);中国博士后科研基金(2012M511451);江西省社科规划项目(13GL07)

Analysis of policy priority sequences in the energy technology needs of farmers

WANG Huogen(), RAO Pan   

  1. College of Economics and Management,Jiangxi Agriculture University 330045,China
  • Received:2014-12-23 Revised:2015-10-05 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-03-21

摘要:

为了促进能源技术在农村的发展和应用,国家出台了一系列的能源技术扶持政策,究竟哪些政策更受农户的欢迎,需要进一步加大扶持力度?基于鄱阳湖生态经济区1 113户农户数据,研究从描述能源技术政策优先序分析到利用聚类分析方法对该区域的农户应用能源技术扶持政策需求偏好进行分层聚类,通过建立计数模型来分析农户对政策需求量的影响因素.研究结果表明:描述分析上的优先序排列在第一次位上,出现次数最多的是资金补助使用新能源的家庭,为300次;其次为对购买的新能源设备实行优惠和购买节能家电,节能灯具补贴,分别为284和197次;出现次数最少的政策是提供售后服务,出现17次.在这11项政策中,继续对农户实行节能家电,节能灯具补贴或进行资金补助或购买优惠政策是农户最受欢迎的.年龄离差,家庭能源消费支出,木柴是否容易获得以及生活方式类型是影响农户对能源技术扶持政策需求的主要影响因素.

关键词: 农户, 能源技术, 扶持政策, 需求优先序, 聚类分析, 鄱阳湖生态经济区

Abstract:

The Chinese government has made a set of policies to promote the development and application of new energy technology throughout the countryside. Determining which policy is more popular is important. Based on data from 1113 households in the Poyang Lake eco economic zone,we looked at the priority of energy technology policy using clustering analysis methods to support the household application of energy technology policy support policy demand stratified cluster. We found that description analysis of the priority order of arrangement,appearing 300 times was grant fund use of new energy sources for households,followed by the purchase of new energy equipment,and preferential subsidies. Purchasing energy efficient appliances,and energy-saving lamps and lanterns appeared 284 and 197 times respectively. After-sales service appeared only 17 times. In the 11 policy,continue to subsidize farmers to implement energy-efficient appliances,energy-saving lamps and lanterns or money or buy preferential policy is the most popular. Age deviation, household energy consumption expenditure, abundant wood, and life style type are main factors that influence farmers' demand for policy.

Key words: farmers, energy technology, policy, priority sequence, cluster analysis, Ecological Economic Zone of the Poyang Lake