资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 414-427.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.03.05

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合同能源管理绩效评价的理论模型构建与实证研究

曹莉萍1(), 诸大建1,2   

  1. 1. 上海社会科学院生态与可持续发展研究所,上海 200020
    2. 同济大学经济与管理学院,上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-28 修回日期:2015-11-12 出版日期:2016-03-25 发布日期:2016-03-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:曹莉萍,女,苏州人,博士,助理研究员,研究方向为低碳经济,合同能源管理和能源政策创新.E-mail:clp-ww@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    基金项目:国家自然科学基金(71173157/G0311201);国家社会科学基金重点项目(09AZD042)

An empirical and theoretical study on contracting energy management performance evaluation

CAO Liping1(), ZHU Dajian1,2   

  1. 1. Ecology and Sustainable Development Institute in Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences,Shanghai 200020,China
    2. School of Economics and Management in Tongji University,Shanghai 200092,China
  • Received:2015-04-28 Revised:2015-11-12 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-03-21

摘要:

学术上对于合同能源管理服务问题的研究主要是对其机制的研究,对合同能源管理服务绩效领域的实证研究相对来说比较少.为深入研究合同能源管理服务绩效的关键影响因素,并构建完善的合同能源管理服务绩效评价体系,本文根据可持续性科学(2.0版)思想,分析了合同能源管理服务绩效理论框架,提出了基于三重底线的服务绩效,多方利益相关主体满意度,合作满意度,过程管理效果,整体服务绩效之间关系的研究假设,构建了基于"压力(Pressure)-状态(State)-反映(Response)"(PSR)驱动力模型的合同能源管理对象,主体,过程三维绩效评价模型.同时基于上海地区109份有效调查问卷数据,采用结构方程模型实证检验理论模型所提出的15个研究假设.检验结果显示:合同能源管理服务主体中的节能服务公司,政府这两个主体的满意度与服务绩效之间研究假设没有通过检验,其他研究假设均通过检验.研究结果表明:①影响合同能源管理服务绩效各维度因素对整体服务绩效具有重要影响;②除了节能服务公司,政府这两个主体的满意度,其他核心利益相关主体满意度对合作满意度也具有重要影响;③节能服务公司满意度对合作满意度具有显著的消极影响.最后,基于上述研究结论,本文从过程管理,主体合作治理两个方面,为提升合同能源管理服务绩效提出对策建议.

关键词: 合同能源管理, 可持续性科学(2.0)思想, 合作治理, 绩效评价, 结构方程模型

Abstract:

Academic researches on energy performance contracting(or energy service contracting, or energy management contracting) are mainly about its mechanism, and the mainly research method is case studying while the empirical researches on performance of energy service contracting are relatively rare. In order to do further research on the key influencing factors of energy performance contracting and build its perfect performance evaluation system and according to Sustainability Science(2.0)thought,the relationship hypotheses among the three-bottom-line performance,multi-stakeholder satisfaction,satisfaction of cooperation,process management effect and overall service performance are proposed by analyzing the theoretical framework of contracting energy management service performance. Thus,the 3D (Subject,Object and Process)evaluation model of contracting energy management service performance based on the driving force model 'Pressure-State-Response' (PSR)is structured. Meanwhile,the theoretical model and 15 proposed research hypotheses are examined empirically using structural equation modeling based on data from a 109-questionnaire survey in the Shanghai region. The results show that two hypotheses failed to pass examination (relationships between energy service performance and energy conservation service companies' satisfaction and government's satisfaction); all other research hypotheses passed. We found that each dimension factor has a great influence on the whole performance of contracting energy management. Other core stakeholder satisfaction has a positive effect on cooperation satisfaction except two stakeholders' satisfactions (energy service companies and the governments). The satisfaction of energy service companies has a significant negative impact on cooperation satisfaction. Finally,based on the above findings,several suggestions and countermeasures about process management and cooperative governance of main stakeholders are put forward to provide useful guidance on the implementation of contract energy management.

Key words: energy management contracting, sustainability science(2.0)thought, cooperative governance, performance evaluation, Structural Equation Model