资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 387-394.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.03.02

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基于土地规模经营条件评价的村域生产空间格局厘定----以重庆市合川区大柱村为例

万群(), 王成(), 杜相佐   

  1. 西南大学地理科学学院/乡村人居环境研究实验室,重庆 400715
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-26 修回日期:2016-01-04 出版日期:2016-03-25 发布日期:2016-03-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:万群,女,四川乐山人,硕士生,研究方向为土地利用与乡村发展.E-mail:wanqun1991@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(15YJAZH068);"十二五"农村领域国家科技计划课题(2013BAJ10B07-04A);西南大学人文社会科学研究重大项目培育(14XDSK2004)

Redefinition of patterns of production space on village scale based on evaluation of the land scale operation conditions for Dazhu Village,Chongqing

WAN Qun(), WANG Cheng(), DU Xiangzuo   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences/The Laboratory of Research on Rural Human Settlements,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715,China
  • Received:2015-07-26 Revised:2016-01-04 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-03-21

摘要:

新型农业经营主体入驻形成的生产空间格局既可发挥村落资源禀赋能力,保障农民就地就业,又能促使村域生产空间集约高效目标实现.以整村推进示范村重庆市合川区大柱村为研究对象,构建以自然,区位,设施,劳动力,流转等为限制性条件的土地规模经营条件评价指标体系,利用自然断裂法(Jenks)对耕地图斑进行5级分类,以集中连片为划分原则,以充分利用村域资源禀赋为目标,将大柱村生产空间厘定为四个区域:优势区,良好区,中等区,较差区,相应提炼出农业企业示范区,农业企业发展区,专业大户集聚区和特色家庭农场区的新型农业经营主体入驻格局,为充分发挥西南丘陵山区村域资源禀赋,开展适度规模经营,引导生产空间重构提供理论指导与实践借鉴.

关键词: 土地规模经营条件评价, 生产空间格局, 厘定, 新型农业经营主体, 大柱村, 重庆

Abstract:

The patterns of production space formed by the new main bodies of agricultural management can play the ability of resource endowment of villages,guarantee farmers employ locally,and promote the intensive and efficient target of production space of villages to complete. Here,we take the Dazhu Village in Hechuan District,Chongqing as a case study and build an index system of evaluation about natural conditions,location conditions,facilities conditions,labor force conditions and circulation conditions (restrictive conditions). Then,we use the method of natural fracture(Jenks)to reclassify the evaluation results of arable land to 5-grade. Based on the spatial distribution of the above grading results,with concentration and continuity as the classification principles,we redefine the patterns of production space for Dazhu Village into four areas (advantage area,good area,middle area and poor area) and extract four patterns formed by the new main bodies of agricultural management (e.g. demonstration area of agricultural enterprise,the development area of agricultural enterprise,the gathering area of professional investors and the family farm area with features). These results can provide theoretical guidance and practical reference regarding the aspects of resource endowment using of villages in hilly and mountain areas,moderate scale management,and the reconstruction of production spaces in villages.

Key words: evaluation of land scale operation conditions, patterns of production space, redefinition, new main bodies of agricultural management, Dazhu Village, Chongqing