资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 377-386.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.03.01

• •    下一篇

农户分化与土地流转行为

苏群1,2(), 汪霏菲1, 陈杰3()   

  1. 1. 南京农业大学经济管理学院,南京 210095
    2. 中国粮食安全研究中心,南京 210095
    3. 南京财经大学经济学院,南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-28 修回日期:2015-10-27 出版日期:2016-03-25 发布日期:2016-03-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:苏群,女,宁夏银川人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为农业经济管理.E-mail:suqunqun@njau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(71361140370);国家社会科学重大项目 (11&ZD046);江苏省高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(PAPD)

Rural-household differentiation and land transfer behavior

SU Qun1,2(), WANG Feifei1, CHEN Jie3()   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China
    2. China Center for Food Security Studies,Nanjing 210095,China
    3. Nanjing University of Finance & Economics,Nanjing 210046,China
  • Received:2015-06-28 Revised:2015-10-27 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-03-21

摘要:

自农村市场化改革以来,农户间逐渐发生分化,不同农户对土地依赖程度,价值认知及产权偏好的不同,使得农户土地处置行为也存在差异.为了探究不同农户的土地流转行为.本文从农户分化的视角出发,基于全国农村固定观察点2003-2011年的混合截面数据,实证分析了不同类型农户的土地流转行为.结果表明:①保持现有规模,不参与流转依然是各类农户主要的土地处置行为,兼业化并不必然导致土地流转;②家庭劳动力人数,非农就业程度,户主年龄,地块数,地势,是否城市郊区等因素对于各类农户土地流转行为的影响趋势基本相同;③对于兼业程度高的农户来说,受教育程度越高的农户越倾向于不参与土地流转,而家庭承包地面积大且种植经济作物的农户则更倾向于转出土地,且转出面积也越大;④土地流转政策对纯农户和一兼农户转入土地,二兼农户和非农户转出土地有积极的推动作用.

关键词: 农户分化, 土地流转行为, 土地流转规模, 土地流转政策

Abstract:

The advance of rural market-oriented reform make the rural-households differentiation. These differences caused farmers' different dependence on the land,the cognition of value and the property preferences. Finally, the different types of rural-households have different land transfer ways. To explore how will the different types of rural-households from rural-households Differentiation dispose their land. Based on the perspective of rural-household differentiation we investigated different types of rural-household land transfer methods by using cross sectional data of fixed observation points in China from 2003 to 2011. The results of Logit and Tobit model analysis show that maintaining existing land scales and not being involved in renting land are still primary land disposal methods across all types of rural-households. Concurrent business does not necessarily lead rural-households to rent or rent out land. The influence of family labor force,the level of family off-farm employment,rural householder's age,numbers of plots,regional terrain and whether the area is suburban across all types of rural-household land disposal methods are basically the same. For a high level of part-time farming,rural-households which have more land or prefer to plant commercial crops are more likely to rent out their land and their land transfer scale is larger. But for the high level of part-time farmers,if their household has a higher level of education they tend to not rent out their land. The land transfer policy has different influences on different types of rural-households. For pure farmers and part-time farmers of type I,the policy drives them to rent their land and the scale of land rent is bigger. For part-time farmers of type II,the policy have a positive influence on the scale of the land they rent out. For non-farm farmers,policy drives them to rent out their land and the scale of land rent out is larger.

Key words: rural-households differentiation, land transfer behavior, land transfer scale, land transfer policy