资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 300-310.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.02.12

• 能源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

1993-2012年中国省际技术进步方向与工业生产节能减排

魏玮(), 周晓博   

  1. 西安交通大学经济与金融学院,西安 710061
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-06 修回日期:2015-06-11 出版日期:2016-02-01 发布日期:2016-02-01
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:魏玮,男,陕西丹凤人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为产业经济与能源经济。E-mail: wei_wei@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家哲学社会科学基金项目(13BJY073).陕西省软科学项目(2012KRM96)

Direction of provincial technological change, industrial energy conservation and emissions reduction in China

WEI Wei(), ZHOU Xiaobo   

  1. School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China
  • Received:2015-03-06 Revised:2015-06-11 Online:2016-02-01 Published:2016-02-01

摘要:

地区工业企业的节能减排思路和政策制定者的政策选择,与技术进步方向紧密联系。不同地区的技术进步方向,以及不同主体面对节能压力和技术约束的最优行为选择,是亟待研究的问题。本文构建三要素CES生产函数来拟合不同省份的工业生产过程,并运用1993-2012年的省际面板数据进行回归,分析回归结果发现: ① (KE)L形式的CES生产函数更符合省际工业生产的实际情况,但不能在10%的显著性水平下拒绝KEL形式;② 北京、上海等省份的技术进步表现为资本增强型和资本偏向型,适合非能源要素替代的节能思路,天津、河北等省份的技术进步表现为能源增强型和资本偏向型,适合提高能源利用效率的节能思路;③ 吉林、安徽等省份的技术进步表现为资本增强型和能源偏向型,需要能源研发补贴政策;山西和内蒙古的技术进步表现为能源增强型和能源偏向型,必须调整产业结构,增加资本使用研发补贴,来应对环境问题。

关键词: 能源CES生产函数, 替代弹性, 技术进步方向, 节能减排, 中国

Abstract:

The energy conservation and emission reduction thinking of local industrial enterprises and the policy choices of policymakers are linked closely with the direction of local technological change. In order to fit the industrial processes of different provinces, we established a CES production function and used panel data for provinces from 1993 to 2012. First, the KEL form of the CES production function is closer to the actual provincial industrial production situation; however, the KEL form should not be denied at a significance level of 10%. Second, the technological progress of some provinces such as Beijing and Shanghai shows up as capital enhanced and capital biased types, therefore these provinces are supposed to use non-energy factors as substitutions. That of some provinces such as Tianjin and Hebei shows up as energy enhanced and capital biased types, and it is suitable for these provinces to improve energy efficiency. Third, the technological progress of some provinces such as Jilin and Anhui manifests as capital enhanced and energy biased types, and thus these provinces need to engage in policy regarding energy research and development subsidies. Shanxi and Inner Mongolia manifests as energy enhanced and energy biased types, and it is necessary for them to adjust industrial structure and increase research subsidy and development to solve environmental issues.

Key words: energy CES production function, elasticity of substitution, direction of technological change, energy conservation and emission reduction