资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 255-264.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.02.08

• 碳排放与碳汇 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国石油终端利用碳排放的区域差异

顾梦琛1,2(), 王礼茂2()   

  1. 1. 中国人民大学经济学院,北京 100872
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-10 修回日期:2015-09-15 出版日期:2016-02-01 发布日期:2016-02-01
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:顾梦琛,女,浙江舟山人,博士生,主要从事区域经济与能源经济研究。E-mail:gumengchen89@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05010205).国家自然科学基金项目(41171110)

Petroleum terminal utilization carbon emissions in China based on regional differences

GU Mengchen1,2(), WANG Limao2()   

  1. 1.School of Economics,Renmin University,Beijing 100872,China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Science,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2015-04-10 Revised:2015-09-15 Online:2016-02-01 Published:2016-02-01

摘要:

中国石油终端利用的CO2排放存在明显的区域差异。本文讨论了石油终端利用碳排放科学的计算方法,利用2011年中国30个省区实证数据,计算得到中国分省区石油终端利用CO2排放量和排放强度。然后借助空间分析模型Moran’s I研究发现,中国石油终端利用的CO2排放强度呈现普遍的空间正相关关系,具体表现为以空间相关性为主、局部的空间不连续性和突变性为辅。东北、西北地区是主要的高排放强度区;西部地区排放强度整体较高,中东部地区的排放强度较低。华东、华中地区的山东、河南、安徽、江苏、湖北和江西均为低排放强度的集聚区域,周边省份的碳排放也较低;东北地区的吉林省处于CO2排放强度的“洼地”,可能会对周边黑龙江、辽宁、内蒙古等高碳排放强度省区起到示范作用。区域经济发展水平、石油赋存与加工能力和产业结构与上述的区域差异存在明显的正相关关系,相关系数分别为0.36、0.63和0.64。开展地区减排,也应结合上述特征,分片区制定具体而异的减排目标和政策,统筹协调推进用能结构和产业布局的合理化。

关键词: 石油终端利用, 碳排放, 区域差异, 影响因素, 中国

Abstract:

There are differences in CO2 emissions resulting from petroleum terminal utilization consumption among regions in China. This paper investigated a proper method to measure CO2 emissions from petroleum terminal utilization consumption in China using data from 30 provinces. To study carbon emission spatial distribution features we used the Moran’I model and found that the emissions intensity of China's petroleum terminal utilization showed universal positive spatial correlation; specifically,spatial correlation based and partial spatial discontinuity/mutation supplemented. It turns out that northeast and northwest regions were the main areas of high emission intensity,the western region had relatively high emission intensity as a whole,and the mid-eastern region had relatively low emission intensity. Shandong,Henan,Anhui,Jiangsu,Hubei and Jiangxi in eastern and central China were clusters of low CO2 emission intensity,surrounding provinces also showed low CO2 emission intensity. However,Jilin was in the CO2 emission intensity depression,and looking forward,Jilin could serve as a model for surrounding provinces such as Heilongjiang,Liaoning,and Inner Mongolia which mostly have a high CO2 emission intensity. The emission intensity had positive and strong relations with economic development level,energy conditions and industrial structures in these provinces. Therefore,to develop regional carbon emission reduction policy,governments should develop demission policy with regional subdivision and fully consider the practical situation of each province. Governments should also develop an overall plan to coordinate and promote the optimization of industry structure and energy structure.

Key words: petroleum terminal utilization, carbon emission, regional difference, influence factors, China