资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 217-227.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.02.04

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于资源价值显化视角的中国工业用地市场发育水平及其影响因素

赵爱栋1(), 马贤磊1(), 曲福田1, 许实2   

  1. 1. 南京农业大学中国土地问题研究中心,南京 210095
    2. 中国土地勘测规划院,北京 100035
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-23 修回日期:2015-05-21 出版日期:2016-02-01 发布日期:2016-02-01
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵爱栋,男,山西汾阳人,博士生,主要研究方向为土地利用与区域经济。E-mail:2012109004@njau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目(13JZD014)中国土地规划勘测院项目(20130517)2015年江苏省国土资源科技重大项目

Marketization level of industrial land in China and its impacting factors from the perspective of resource value manifesting

ZHAO Aidong1(), MA XianLei1(), QU Futian1, XU Shi2   

  1. 1. China Centre for Land Policy Research,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China
    2. China Land Surveying and Planning Institute,Beijing 100035,China
  • Received:2015-03-23 Revised:2015-05-21 Online:2016-02-01 Published:2016-02-01

摘要:

优化土地资源配置要求加快工业用地市场化改革,而准确评估工业用地市场发育水平对于客观评价工业用地市场化改革绩效并具有重要意义。本文利用2007-2013年中国328个地级及以上城市工业用地出让数据,从工业用地出让价格溢价率和出让方式市场化两个维度揭示中国工业用地市场发育水平的时空特征,并分析了影响地区间市场发育水平差异的因素。研究结果表明:中国工业用地市场发育水平由2007年的7.66上升至2013年的32.16,但是工业用地出让价格仍未合理体现资源稀缺性和市场供求所揭示的工业用地价值,市场化改革还停留在转变工业用地出让方式阶段,尚未深入到建立反映资源稀缺程度的工业用地市场化价格形成机制层面;东、中、西部工业用地市场化进程均在深化,东部地区市场发育具有水平高,推进速度快的双重特征,而中西部地区工业用地市场化改革仍处在由被动配合中央政策规定向主动引领改革过渡阶段;地区经济发展水平、产业结构和工业用地需求强度与工业用地市场发育水平呈现显著正向关系,地区土地资源禀赋则有显著负效应,而地区间激烈地“土地引资”竞争显著抑制了中国工业用地市场化进程。因此建议:在工业用地市场化改革过程中,要把完善土地出让制度和建立良好地土地市场生态作为改革重要方向,把促进工业用地价格向合理资源价值回归,优化土地资源配置作为改革落脚点。

关键词: 工业用地, 市场发育水平, 价值显化, 出让溢价率, 时空特征, 影响因素, 中国

Abstract:

To optimize the allocation of land resources, China should speed up the industrial land market reform, and measure the industrial land marketization level is significance for the evaluation of the performance of industrial land market reform. Based on industrial land leasing data for 238 prefecture-level cities in China from 2007 to 2013,we investigated temporal-spatial evolution patterns of industrial land marketization in China from the dimensions of industrial land leasing premium rate and leasing mode marketization to analyze factors impacting regional differences. The results show that China's the industrial land marketization level rose from 7.66 in 2007 to 32.16 in 2013;industrial land leasing price in China has not yet reflected the value of industrial land revealed by resource scarcity and market conditions. Land market reform remains at a stage of simply changing leasing mode and not deeping into the core that establishes industrial land pricing mechanisms,reflecting the extent of resource scarcity. Industrial land marketization is continuously deepening in eastern,central and western China. The eastern marketization level is not only the highest level but also the fastest;central and western industrial land market reform remains in a transition from passive compliance with central government regulations to initiatives that direct industrial land market reform endogenously. Meanwhile,the level of economic development,industrial structure and industrial land demand intensity showed significant positive relationships with industrial land marketization. Land resource endowments had a significant negative effect,while regional fierce competition for business inhibits the industrial land market reform process in China. It is suggested that perfecting the land grant system and establishing market ecology should be an important position in the process of industrial land market reform,promoting industrial land prices to a reasonable value and optimizing the allocation of resources.

Key words: industrial land, marketization level, value manifesting, premium rate, temporal-spatial characteristics, impacting factors, China