资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 185-195.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.02.01

• 土地资源 •    下一篇

基于整治潜力与迫切度的村级农村居民点整治时序研究

高阳1,2(), 张凤荣1,2(), 郝晋珉1,2, 张佰林1,2, 周建1,2   

  1. 1.中国农业大学资源与环境学院,北京 100193
    2. 国土资源部农用地质量与监控重点实验室,北京 100193
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-08 修回日期:2015-08-20 出版日期:2016-02-01 发布日期:2016-02-01
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:高阳,女,河北唐山人,博士生,研究方向为土地利用规划与土地整治。E-mail:gao5yang@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271111)

Consolidation sequence of rural residential land,based on consolidation potential and urgency degree

GAO Yang1,2(), ZHANG Fengrong1,2(), HAO Jinmin1,2, ZHANG Bailin1,2, ZHOU Jian1,2   

  1. 1. College of Resources Environmental Sciences,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100193,China
    2. Key Laboratory for Agricultural Land Quality Monitoring and Control,The Ministry of Land and Resources,Beijing 100193,China
  • Received:2015-05-08 Revised:2015-08-20 Online:2016-02-01 Published:2016-02-01

摘要:

整治潜力测算和迫切度评价是安排农村居民点整治时序的基础与依据。本文运用实地调查与访谈、GIS空间分析等手段与方法,深入分析山西省武乡县农村居民点内部用地结构,并根据用地类型与整治性质的差异将农村居民点整治潜力划分为浅层潜力和深层潜力,测算结果表明武乡县农村居民点的浅层潜力占总潜力的71.88%,说明武乡县农村居民点内部用地较为粗放,具有较高整治潜力。通过分析村庄属性与发展前景,从自然、社会经济、基础设施和农村发展等4个层面选取16个指标评价抽样村整治迫切度,并根据迫切度评价结果将抽样村分为迫切、较迫切、一般迫切和不迫切4个整治等级。从抽样村迫切度评价等级、抽样村浅层潜力占总潜力比重和总潜力占居民点面积比重等三方面入手分析,选取8种组合类型纳入农村居民点整治规划范畴并安排整治时序,确定近期整治抽样村18个,中期整治抽样村17个,远期整治抽样村19个。

关键词: 农村居民点, 整治潜力, 迫切度评价, 整治时序, 武乡县

Abstract:

As an effective measure,rural residential land consolidation can not only intensify rural residential land use,but also relieve contradictions between urban and rural land use. Consolidation potential calculation and urgency degree evaluation are the basis of rural residential land consolidation sequencing. Here,we used geological data and economic social materials obtained from GIS spatial techniques,global observation and interviews in Wuxiang County,Shanxi,China to obtain land structure inside rural residential land. Depending on land type and property,we classified consolidation potential into two types:shallow potential and deep potential. Our results show that the proportion of shallow potential is 71.88%,implying that shallow potential is the main component of total potential. We chose sixteen factors from nature and four aspects from socio-economy and infrastructure,and used them to evaluate the consolidation urgency degree of rural settlements. According to urgency degree evaluation scores we divided 106 sample villages into four classes:most urgent villages,more urgent villages,urgent villages and not urgent villages. We then chose the most urgent and more urgent villages as counties to be consolidated and classified them into eight combination types with percentages of shallow potential in total potential and total potential in the rural settlement area. Last,we arranged the order of eight combination counties into three time quanta and found that there are 13 villages to be consolidated in the near future,17 villages in the mid-term and 19 longer-term.

Key words: rural residential land consolidation, consolidation potential, urgency degree evaluation, consolidation sequence, Wuxiang County